Saturday, March 10, 2018

Mensåhi Ginen i Gehilo' #26: Kao pau hånao ha' si Uncle Sam?

"Kao pau hånao ha' si Uncle Sam, anggen manindipendente hit?"

Fihu hiningok-hu este na chathinasso ginen i kumunidåt. Anggen mamindipendente hit, u fanmalingu siempre todu i kosas motdeno. U hånao ha’ si Uncle Sam, pau dingu hit ya pau laknos yan bo’ok todu i chinile’-ña mågi.

Ti magåhet este. Fihu ti ya-ña i Estådos Unidos umatmitde este, lao guaha obligasion-ña nu hita. Put i ha fitma i charter para i Unidos Nasiones, ha aksepta i responsibilidåt, este mafa’na’an “inanggokko sagrådu” a sacred trust. Na para u ga’chungi hit gi este na chålan mo’na. Guaha meggai na klasen ayudu na ha oblibliga muna’guaha, lao para este na kuestion, uno mås propiu para ta diskuti, i tiempon “transition.”

Este na klasen kontråtan, fihu masusedi gi taiguini na klasen tinilaikan pulitikåt gi otro na tåno’ lokkue’. Siña este na tiempon tinilaika tinaka’ uno año, tres años, dies años, pat bente pat trenta años. I inapmåm-ña ha dipepende gi håfa diniside ni’ dos na nasion.

Gi este na tiempon, mananegotiate i colonizer yan i nuebu na nasion, put i chalan mo’na, ya i colonizer ha guahåyi diferentes na fondo yan fina’profesionåt ni’ pau ayuda i nuebu na nasion tumutuhon yan na’lå’la’ i nuebu na ekonomia yan para u chule’ kabåles na podet gi gubetnamento yan i diferentes na ahensia.

Este ginen i Bradley Report, makumple este gi Dos Mitt, lao gaibabali ha’ para ta komprende este na asunot. Gi este na påtte ha diskuti i Tiempon Tinilaika pat Tiempon Tinahgue. 

“As a part of the negotiated provisions for Guam’s transition to independence, it is anticipated that the island will receive substantial economic development funding over a period of 15 or more years, partly in exchange for U.S. military access rights in Guam. This funding also includes amounts negotiated to remedy infrastructure and environmental issues that were left unresolved prior to the status change. The U.S. State Department will administer this composite funding program.”
- Economist Joe Bradley, “An Analysis of the Economic Impact of Guam’s Political Status Options (2000)” 

Guini giya Guåhan, debi di ta na’hasso i Estados Unidos put este na obligasison-ña. Debi di ta fanmanespiha otro ga’chong na gurpu yan nasion ni’ siña umayuda hit dumekka’ i Estados Unidos.

Friday, March 02, 2018

ARC and Me

Each March, UOG organizes an Annual Research Conference or ARC. This year is the 39th year there has been a conference such as this. I presented at this conference as an undergraduate student, a graduate student and now I present at it regularly as a professor. For this year's ARC, I am participating in a couple different panels and presentations, most of which are connected to Guam's decolonization or its current political status.

Here are the abstracts for two of the sessions to which I am most looking forward:


A Decolonial Analysis of Guam’s Media Landscape

The role of media in a society is not simply to report stories and investigate events, but to promote values and norms, usually on behalf of dominant classes or institutions. In a colonial context, such as that of Guam, these roles gain a colonial dimension, as both institutions and individuals will often be compelled to defend and naturalize the colonial status quo. As such, rather than conduct reporting that reflects Guam’s colonial relationship to the US, the media will valorize the US and promote a fantasy of political belonging that doesn’t exist. This panel will attempt to conduct a decolonial analysis of Guam’s media landscape, by discussing current hegemonic structures and attempts to develop decolonial counter-hegemony through independent media.


Manny Cruz
Independent Journalist, M.A. in English from UOG

Stasia Yoshida
Social Work Major, UOG

Jesse Chargualaf
Chamorro Studies/History Major, UOG

Michael Lujan Bevacqua
Assistant Professor, Chamorro Studies, UOG


 A History of Militarization in the Marianas

The Mariana Islands in the Western Pacific sometimes known as “Where America’s Day Begins” other times known as the “tip of the spear.” These islands have been home to the indigenous Chamorro people for thousands of years, but are considered strategic colonial and neocolonial assets to the United States military. As the US continues with its Pacific Pivot, preparing for future threats from Asia by militarizing its Pacific Island possessions, the fate of the Marianas Islands, due to their lack of standing within the US and in the international community, is something easily missed. The purpose of this presentation is to provide a historical overview of the history of militarization in the Marianas Islands over the past century. Special attention will be given to the close connections between the political status and strategic value of the Mariana Islands and how this manifested in terms of US policy.


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